NOC 3131


Community pharmacists and hospital pharmacists compound and dispense prescribed pharmaceuticals and provide consultative services to both clients and health care providers. They are employed in retail and health centre pharmacies, or they may be self-employed. Industrial pharmacists participate in the research, development, promotion and manufacture of pharmaceutical products. They are employed in pharmaceutical companies and government departments and agencies.


Community and hospital pharmacists

  • Check prescriptions for proper dosage
  • Calculate, measure and mix the quantities of drugs and other ingredients required and fill appropriate containers with correct quantity
  • Dispense prescribed pharmaceuticals to customers/other health care professionals and advise them on how and when to take them, and any adverse effects
  • Maintain medication profiles of customers
  • Ensure proper preparation, distribution and storage of vaccines, serums, and other drugs
  • Order and maintain stock of pharmaceutical supplies
  • Advise customers on selection and use of non-prescription medication
  • May supervise and co-ordinate the activities of other pharmacists, pharmacy assistants, pharmacy technicians and other staff.

Industrial pharmacists

  • Participate in research for the development of new drugs
  • Formulate new drug products developed by medical researchers
  • Test new drug products for stability and to determine absorption and elimination patterns
  • Co-ordinate clinical investigations of new drugs
  • Control the quality of drug products during production to ensure that they meet standards of potency, purity, uniformity, stability and safety
  • Develop information materials concerning the uses, properties and risks of particular drugs
  • Evaluate labelling, packaging and advertising of drug products
  • Promote pharmaceutical products to health professionals.

Other Titles

  • Dispensary department supervisor – hospital
  • Druggist
  • Pharmacist consultant
  • Clinical pharmacist

(Government of Canada National Occupation Classification)


  • Attention to detail
  • Computer Skills
  • Numeracy
  • Technology
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Good Memory
  • Counselling
  • Communication Skills
  • Multi-tasking

Education/Training Requirements

Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD)

  • University programs in Ontario require an OSSD or Mature Student Status

Post-secondary diploma/degree

  • University degree in pharmacy and a period of supervised practical training


  • Licensure from the Ontario College of Pharmacists is required for community and hospital pharmacists

Potential Earnings in Durham Region

The average and median wages and salaries for individuals employed as pharmacists are as follows. Place of Residence (POR) is defined as individuals who reside within the Durham Region. Place of Work (POW) is defined as individuals who are employed within the Durham Region.

Median Wages and Salaries (POW) Average Wages and Salaries (POW) Median Wages and Salaries (POR) Average Wages and Salaries (POR)
$75,450 $80,095 $85,677 $80,925


Employment Prospects

Industry (NAICS) Jobs in Durham Region (POW) Durham Region Residents Employed (POR)
4461 Health and personal care stores 345 240

(Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development 2016 data in Durham Workforce Authority’s 2017 Health & BioScience Sector Report)

Additional Resources